The Determination of frequency of appropriate Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) transfusion in admitted patients
Objectives: To assess frequency of appropriate Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) transfusion in admitted patients in tertiary care of South Punjab.
Material & Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study, was conducted in the Department of Pathology and Blood Bank at Combined Military Hospital Multan from 2nd May 2019 to 1st November 2019. A total of 119 patients from 3 months of age to 50 years of age of both male and female, for whom Fresh Frozen Plasma transfusion was advised were included. Demographic data (age and gender), requesting department, and clinical parameters for the appropriateness of FFP transfusion for example, history of drug intake, surgery or invasive procedures, coagulation profile, number of FFP units transfused, were recorded on case record form. Case record form was attached. Appropriate FFP transfusion was labeled.
Results: In this study, age of study population was ranged from 30 months to 50 years with 24.25 ± 12.65 years mean age. Out of 119 patients 64 (53.78%) were between ages of 3 months to 25 years while 89 (74.89%) were male and 30 (25.21%) female with female to male ratio of 1:3. In this study, we have found the frequency of appropriate Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) transfusion in 71 (59.66%).
Conclusion: Fresh frozen plasma should be transfused appropriately according to requirement to secure reserve and prevent unnecessary use. Percentage of appropriate fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusion in admitted patients in our study is 59.66%.
Key Words: Fresh frozen plasma, Appropriate usage.