ROLE OF GATA3 AND STAT6 IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY IN CLASSIC HODGKIN LYMPHOMA (CHL) AND NODULAR LYMPHOCYTE PREDOMINANT HODGKIN LYMPHOMA (NLPHL)

Authors

  • Nida Babar Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore Pakistan
  • Sajid Mushtaq Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore Pakistan
  • Mohammad Tariq Mahmood Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore Pakistan
  • Asad Hayat Ahmed Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore Pakistan
  • Mudassar Hussain Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore Pakistan
  • Usman Hassan Shaukat Khanam Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Lahore Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55629/pakjpathol.v34i3.774

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of our study is to investigate the utility of immunohistochemical expression of GATA3 and STAT6 in differentiating Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma (CHL) from Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma (NLPHL).

Material and Methods: We approached database of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre and selected a total of 79 CHLs and 15 NLPHLs diagnosed either on Trucut biopsy or excision biopsy diagnosed during the time 2020-2021. One slide from each of these 94 cases was stained with GATA3 and STAT6 independently and pattern of staining (either nuclear or cytoplasmic or dual nuclear and cytoplasmic) was accessed.  

Results: 75/79(95%) cases of CHL were positive for GATA3 staining [60/79(75.9%) cases showed nuclear GATA3 staining, 15/79(18.9%) cases showed both nuclear and cytoplasmic staining] and 4/79(5%) CHL cases were negative for GATA3. 15/15(100%) cases of NLPHL were negative for GATA3[12/15(80%) cases showed no staining and 3/15(20%) cases showed only cytoplasmic blush]. 65/79(82%) cases of CHL were positive for STAT6[17/79(21.5%) cases showed nuclear STAT6 expression, 48/79(60.7%) cases showed both nuclear and cytoplasmic staining], and 14/79(18%) cases of CHL were negative for STAT6 expression [8/79(10%) cases showed only cytoplasmic staining and 6/79(8%) showed neither nuclear nor cytoplasmic staining]. 14/15(93.3%) cases of NLPHL were negative for STAT6[5/79(33.3%) cases showed only cytoplasmic staining and 9/15(60%) cases showed no staining] and 1/15(6.7%) case of NLPHL was positive for STAT6[showed nuclear STAT6 staining].

Conclusion: Nuclear staining of GATA3 and STAT6 either alone or in combination with cytoplasmic staining can be used to differentiate CHL from NLPHL. GATA3 effectively excludes NLPHL with 100% negative predictive value.

Keywords: GATA3, STAT6, Classic Hodgkin lymphoma, Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma

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Published

21-09-2023