MORPHOLOGICAL TYPES OF ANEMIA AND ITS ASSOCIATION IN GERIATRIC POPULATION
Objective: To determine the prevalence and morphological types of anemia in geriatric patients in a tertiary care hospital.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted out at Combined Military Hospital, Multan, a tertiary care hospital Pakistan from September 2019 to February 2020. After due approval of Ethical review committee, a total of 175 elderly patients ranging from 50 to 80 years of age of all genders referred to the hematology department for Blood Complete Picture and RBC morphology were included in the study after formal consent. Patients taking immunosuppressive/ steroid therapy and with history of recent blood transfusions were excluded. 2ml blood sample was taken in EDTA and analyzed using Sysmex KXx 21 hematology Analyzer. Leishman-stained Peripheral blood film examination for RBC morphology of patients with Hemoglobin level of < 10 g/dl was also performed and results recorded.
Results: The age of 175 patients ranged from 50 to 80 years with mean of 65.77± 6.23 years. Majority of the patients 90 (51.43%) were between 50 to 65 years of age. In this study, frequency of anemia in elderly population was found in 23.43%(41) patients. Most frequent anemia was normocytic anemia 75.61% followed by macrocytic 19.51% and microcytic anemia 4.88%.
Conclusion: The anemia is quite prevalent in older patients with normocytic anemia being the commonest.
Key Words: Anemia, Elderly population, Normocytic, Macrocytic, Microcytic
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