FREQUENCY OF ABO AND RH (D) BLOOD GROUPS AMONG RECRUITS; RESIDENT OF SURROUNDING AREAS OF DERA ISMAIL KHAN
Objective: To assess the prevalence/frequency of different ABO and Rh (D) blood groups in recruits’ resident of surrounding areas of DI khan Pakistan.
Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive.
Material and Methods: This study was conducted at Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Dera Ismail Khan from Dec 2017 to Nov 2018. A total of 4941 healthy adult recruits reported to CMH laboratory for their medical examination belonging to surrounding areas of D.I. Khan, were included. Upto 2 ml of blood was taken in the anticoagulant tube, from each recruit. By using commercially available antisera, ABO and Rh (D) blood groups were detected through the tube method. The frequency and percentage of each blood group type were calculated.
Results: Out of 4941 recruits, 1650 (33.4%) were B +ve, 1377 (27.9%) were O +ve, 1107 (22.4%) were A +ve, 372 (7.5%) were AB +ve, 153 (3.1%) were B -ve, 132 (2.7%) were O -ve, 102 (2.1%) were A -ve and 48 (1.0%) were AB -ve.
Conclusion: The most prevalent/frequent blood group, out of ABO and Rh (D) was B +ve. Awareness of different blood groups in the surrounding areas will guide in the effective management of blood banks / volunteer blood donors list.
Key Words: ABO and Rh (D) blood groups, Surrounding areas of DI Khan.