CHEMICAL NATURE OF VARIOUS TYPES OF RENAL STONES IN THE POPULATION OF DISTRICT MULTAN PAKISTAN
Noreen Samad
Sana Liaqat
Mamoona Anwar
Kanza Tehreem
Hafiza Maniha Sadiq
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Abstract

Objective: Renal stones are widespread urological sickness in the whole world. Pakistan has possibly one of the uppermost occurrences of renal stone sickness.  The main purpose of this study is to determine the chemical composition of renal stones in District Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.

Study design: Cohort study

Place & Duration of study: Different hospitals of District Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, June-2014 to June-2015 (one year)

Materials and Methods: The study included 340 subjects operated for renal stones. The stones were removed and send for analysis to laboratory. The stones were examined by using stone analysis kit (Merk) the various components of stones were resolute by titrimetric as well as colorimetric method.

Results: Renal stones were analyzed having different materials i.e. Pure Calcium oxalate stones were present in 136 patients, mixed stones of Uric acid and Calcium oxalate were present in 34 patients. There are also number of mixed stones were obtained having different concentrations.  On the contrary, the present study is also compared with other studies conducted in different areas of Pakistan and other countries as well.

Conclusion: Renal stones problem is very much prevailing (especially pure calcium oxalate) in our population. Dietary habits and life style have major role to overcome in prevalence of kidney stone problems.

 Keywords: Calcium Oxalate, Mixed stones, Chemical composition, Uric acid
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